Understanding processes determining soil carbon balance under perennial bioenergy crops. Carbo-BioCrop project has concluded.

The Carbo-BioCrop project has now ended; successfully improving understanding of the impacts on the UK greenhouse gas balance caused by land-use transitions to second-generation bioenergy crops, namely short rotation coppice (SRC) and Miscanthus. Before the initiation of the Carbo-BioCrop project, significant knowledge gaps existed in our understanding.

At the start of our project the UK was committed to an 80 % reduction of 1990 CO2 emissions by 2050 and such dedicated second generation bioenergy crops would contribute to the UK’s renewable energy generation with a resulting change in land-use. Carbo-BioCrop provided information to quantify how the land-use change to SRC or Miscanthus would influence soil carbon emissions. This provided key data to under-pin the production of ‘carbon opportunity maps’ for the UK and to identify the GHG balance when land identified as optimal for conversion is converted to SRC or Miscanthus. The contribution of soil augmentation with biochar to soil carbon processes was also investigated as a potential CO2 sequestration strategy for the UK landscape. Keep an eye out for future research papers from the project on our final outputs, many of which are already available from our publications tab or our new project MAGLUE at

The MAGLUE project (Measurement and Analysis of bioenergy greenhouse gases: Integrating GHGs into LCAs and the UK Biomass Value Chain Modelling Environment) is buiding on the understandings yielded from the Carbo-BioCrop project. MAGLUE is an EPSRC funded project within the SUPERGEN hub which kicked off at the start of March 2015. Details of the MAGLUE project can be found at


The University of Southampton was/is coordinator for both the Carbo-BioCrop and MAGLUE projects. For further details please contact the project coorodinator:

Professor Gail Taylor

Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences

Life Sciences Building

University of Southampton

Highfield Campus


SO17 1BJ

Tel: +44 (0) 2380592335

Fax: +44 (0) 2380594459